Habitat use and dietary habits of yellownose voles (Microtus chrotorrhinus), meadow voles, (Microtus pennsylvanicus), and red-backed voles (Clethrionomys gapperi) in logged and mature black spruce stands in the claybelt of Northeastern Ontario

  • 122 Pages
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by
Laurentian University, Department of Biology , Sudbury, Ont
Statementby Sylvia Donato
The Physical Object
Paginationxvi, 122 l. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20692936M
ISBN 10061231426X
OCLC/WorldCa46587448

Primary habitat determinants. Yellownose vole dietary habits were as specialized as meadow voles, which ate mostly grasses and rnosses, and red-backed voles, which ate primarily fungus and lichens.

Yellownose voles, on the other hand, ate primarily forbs and leaves from ericaceous plant species.

Download Habitat use and dietary habits of yellownose voles (Microtus chrotorrhinus), meadow voles, (Microtus pennsylvanicus), and red-backed voles (Clethrionomys gapperi) in logged and mature black spruce stands in the claybelt of Northeastern Ontario EPUB

Finally, the three vole species responded. Small rodents, especially northern voles (Microtus oeconomus), were the most frequently occurring prey in the stomach contents and scats of arctic foxes collected on St.

Lawrence Island between and Annual variations in the winter occurrence of voles in the stomach contents correlated well with variations in population density of the voles Habitat use and dietary habits of yellownose voles book the previous by: There are no repellents labeled for voles for use in soybean fields.

Cultural Practices Vole populations also can be reduced by making the habitat less attractive. Removing cover and food sources can cause voles to disperse to another area.

Destroying habitat does not necessarily kill voles; however, they may become more vulnerable to. We investigated how far competitive interactions influence the use of habitats and relative abundance of two species of Microtus in the southwestern Yukon.

We worked in the ecotone between alpine tundra and subalpine shrub tundra where populations of singing voles (Microtus miurus) and tundra voles (M. oeconomus) overlap little. We removed tundra voles from shrub tundra on one live Cited by: The majority of voles are herbivores, and feed on grasses, tubers, herbaceous plants, and bulbs.

During winter and fall months, voles are known to eat the bark and roots of trees. The feeding habits of voles can cause significant damage to lawns and gardens.

Voles create trails. The California vole (Microtus californicus) is the most serious vertebrate pest of artichokes (Cynara scolymus) in California.A microhistological analysis of the stomach contents of 45 voles collected at intervals from November to July from seven different artichoke fields indicated that artichoke was a significant and the major component of their diet during all seasons.

Getting rid of voles is actually a pretty good subject. They’re already in your garden, eating everything they can get their little vermin teeth on, so you might as well know a little bit about what you’re up against.

There are about seventy species of voles. When voles aren’t numerous or when the population is concentrated in a small area, trapping can be effective. Use a sufficient number of traps to control the population. For a small garden a dozen traps is probably the minimum number required, but for larger areas, you might need 50 or more.

You can use a simple, wooden mouse trap baited with. This lesson will explore the habitat and diet of this 'American bear.' Black Bears Defined There's Yogi Bear, Balloo, Paddington Bear, Smokey the Bear, the Care Bears, and Winnie-the-Pooh.

Little is known about the Field voles’ mating system. However, it is known that most vole species are polygynous.

They breed from March-April to October-December. Field voles construct their nests both under and above the ground, typically in clumps of grass or sedge. Gestation period lasts for 3 weeks, giving birth to 4 - 6 young.

Meadow voles are found throughout most of Canada and Alaska, south through the northern half of U.S. and south down to Georgia.

Habitat.

Description Habitat use and dietary habits of yellownose voles (Microtus chrotorrhinus), meadow voles, (Microtus pennsylvanicus), and red-backed voles (Clethrionomys gapperi) in logged and mature black spruce stands in the claybelt of Northeastern Ontario PDF

They live in grassy fields, woodland, orchards, marshes, and along lakes and rivers. Body Traits. Citing for websites is different from citing from books. Scientists are sure that voles only go a couple of feet from their holes in order to get food, thus if one can remove plants from the area, voles will leave soon too: “Use a hoe, herbicides, or other methods to keep an area reaching about 3 feet out from trunks free of vegetation.”.

Vole Diet: Plants. Voles, similar to other rodents, have a mainly vegetarian diet. Voles mainly eat stems and blades of lawn grass—so it’s usually vole tunnels that you’ll see near the surface of the yard. Moles have a mainly carnivorous diet.

(Moles are beneficial in many ways. They help plow the soil and eat grubs and insects!). It is difficult to trap because it is primarily arboreal and has a highly restrictive diet of needles of Douglas fir, grand fir (Abies grandis) or Sitka spruce (Benson and Borell, ).

The purpose of this study was to determine environmental variables that contribute to micro- and macrohabitat use by red tree voles. The Recipe For Organic Vole & Mouse Control.

Large Area Applications Using A Hose-End Sprayer. 1 Cup of Castor Oil (DO NOT USE UNSCENTED CASTOR OIL!) We buy our Castor Oil from Shay and Company but you can also find it on Amazon. 4 Oz Dish Detergent; Add the mixture to the jar of the hose end sprayer. Then fill the jar with water. Meadow voles play an important role in the local ecosystem.

Due to digging, Meadow voles contribute to aeration of the soil. Feeding upon grass, they recycle the nutrients, found in the grass, through defecation. And finally, these voles are key prey species for a number of predators, including owls, small hawks and falcons.

Voles versus Moles The humps you see in your yard are from moles (but may be used by voles) The disappearing foliage and roots is due to voles Simply said –one is.

Voles will burrow beneath a plant then eradicate the root system, leaving no chance for the plant’s survival. The best method of getting rid of voles is to use vole poison. This poison cannot be purchased over the counter in a farm store. Only a licensed professional can buy and use vole poison.

Because of this your options are limited. Other control methods include habitat modification, trapping, repellents and toxicants. Habitat modification is the least environmentally impactful way to deal with population reductions for voles. By exposing voles to predators and eliminating their nesting sites, they are less likely to take up residence around your plants.

Habits. Voles are active day and night, year-round. They do not hibernate. Voles eat plants, especially grasses and seeds, as well as bark, crops, insects and animal remains.

Voles can have between one and five litters per year, with an average of five young in each litter. Vole population levels fluctuate and generally peak every two to five.

Voles create runways in grass, and keep these runways trimmed short, which helps you to find and identify vole presence. Sometimes, voles will use mole tunnel systems to feed on plant structures underground, but you will find voles above ground much more often.

The field vole (also known as the short-tailed vole) is very common in grassland, heathland and moorland habitats. It is active day and night and eats seeds, roots and leaves. Further up the food chain, it forms an extremely important part of the diet of many predators, such. Studies of the diet of marten (Martes americana) and the abundance and habitat associations of small mammals were conducted in south-central Alaska for 2 were found to eat primarily arvicolid (= microtine) rodents.

Other important food items were sciurid rodents, fruits, and birds. Voles.

Details Habitat use and dietary habits of yellownose voles (Microtus chrotorrhinus), meadow voles, (Microtus pennsylvanicus), and red-backed voles (Clethrionomys gapperi) in logged and mature black spruce stands in the claybelt of Northeastern Ontario FB2

Voles are rodents. They are commonly called mice, meadow mice or field mice. They are about 3 inches long, weigh 1 ounce or less and have reddish-brown fur, a short half-inch tail, tiny ears and eyes that are not visible.

Of the 23 species of voles in the United States, the pine vole and the meadow vole are the most common for our region. The water vole is a famous character in many books.

The children's book Wind in the Willows had a water vole named Ratty. Tom Moorhouse has also written about water voles in his books The Rising. If you’re interested in controlling voles, chances are you’ve already learned about their eating habits.

Quietly spending most of their time out of sight, voles commonly come to our attention when damaged bark is found at the base of valued fruit trees and ornamental plants.

A mouse with small ears, the vole is Mickey Mouse’s country cousin. Diet and Behavior. Owls swallow their prey—insects, small mammals and reptiles, and other birds—whole without biting or chewing.

Most of the unfortunate animal is digested, but the parts that can't be broken down—such as bones, fur, and feathers—are regurgitated as a hard lump, called a "pellet," a few hours after the owl's meal.

The meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus), sometimes called the field mouse or meadow mouse, is a North American vole found across Canada, Alaska and the northern United range extends farther south along the Atlantic coast.

One subspecies, the Florida salt marsh vole (M. dukecampbelli), is found in Florida, and is classified as endangered. Habitat. Meadow voles are found in grassy areas across their geographic range.

They are known to inhabit areas close to roadways, as long as there is grass coverage for tunneling and nesting. These voles almost exclusively use early successional habitats, which also include agricultural fields, sedge marshes, and open-canopied bogs.

Donato, S. Habitat use and Dietary Habits of Yellownose voles (Microtus. chrotorrhinus), meadow voles (Microtus pennsylvanicus), and red-backed voles (Clethrionomys gapperi) in Logged and Mature Black Spruce Stands in the Claybelt of Northeastern Ontario.

MSc. Laurentian University. Donato, S. Habitat use and Dietary Habits of Yellownose voles (Microtus chrotorrhinus), meadow voles (Microtus pennsylvanicus), and red-backed voles (Clethrionomys gapperi) in Logged and Mature Black Spruce Stands in the Claybelt of Northeastern Ontario.

Laurentian University. Hamilton, J.H., Jr. and J.O. Whitaker, Jr. Dispersal Distance: In Pennsylvania three subadult meadow voles were captured at least miles ( km) from the nearest appreciable suitable meadow vole habitat, suggesting that meadow voles are adapted to long-distance dispersal.

Habitat Patch Shape: In Ohio the effects of patch shape and proportion of edge were investigated by mowing.We studied the diet of Ural Owls (Strix uralensis) living in the forests of Mt.

Yatsugatake, central Japan, in the context of historic logging activities that have greatly extended the amount of open pasture and consequently modified small mammal availability in the region.

We used owl pellets from artificial nest boxes to quantitatively analyze diet composition during the breeding season. We.